Tuesday, October 6, 2015

Othello Act 5 S/R Outline

Summary Response Outline
By:Mikaila Kuhl

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
    • Act 5 of Othello written by Shakespeare, displays how a quest for revenge can end by backfiring on the revenge seeking man.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas and Explanation
    • Near the end of Iago’s struggling plan, he takes desperate measures and kills not only Roderigo, but also his wife, Emilia, who was proving him as a liar and a murderer. This occurred after Othello followed through with his plan to smother Desdemona and then discovered the mistake he had made. In the end Iago was embarrassed, proven guilty, and locked away to be tortured for his crimes.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • Clearly, Iago’s plan to to get revenge on Cassio in Shakespeare’s Othello, ended by his carefully devised plan.

Response:
  • Make an argument
  • take a position (correctly or incorrectly portrays)
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
    • Act 5 of Othello written by Shakespeare, accurately  displays how revenge can backfire in certain situations because if a plan doesn’t succeed, it can end in turmoil.
    • Set-up
      • At this point in Iago’s elaborate plan to get his revenge on Cassio, he gets to the point where he results to murder to get his revenge. He kills Roderigo and injures Cassio.  Meanwhile, Othello is following out his plan and strangles Desdemona.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
      • Emilia discovered Othello killed her mistress and was accusing Iago, ‘“But did you ever tell him she was false?”’ ‘“I did.”’ ‘“You told a lie, an odious, damned lie...And your reports have set the murder on”’ (Shakespeare 5.2.214-223).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
      • After Emilia discovered Desdemona’s death, and the reason behind it, she questioned her husband, Iago, on if he truly did lie and tell Othello that Desdemona was false. Iago confesses to lying about Desdemona and is proven guilty of being the cause of the murders. Iago failed and long, elaborate quest for revenge backfired.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, ....
    • Set-up
      • However, it seems as though Iago’s plan doesn’t backfire completely. As a reader, the first thought that might come to mind when Iago is caught is that he should just be killed. But, instead of being killed, he gets “mercy” in a way.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
      • Iago was to be punished, said by Lodovico to Cassio, “Remains the censure of this hellish villain. The time, the place, the torture, O, enforce it” (Shakespeare 5.2.431-432).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
      • Iago was accused of killing, lying, and manipulating to get his revenge and was said to be tortured and imprisoned for his crimes. But, this is not a full backfire. Being someone that reads the book, it seems as though to have Iago’s plan fully backfire he needs to die and “get what he deserves” but he doesn’t. He just gets imprisoned.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
    • At first glance as a reader it would seems that Iago’s plan didn’t backfire. Yes, he got arrested and tortured but that just didn’t seem enough. It is easy to see how one would confuse this with what happened but it is more complicated than that. Not only did Iago get locked away and tortured, but he was also proven guilty in front of everyone. He admitted to lying and even murdered his own wife in the other characters  presence. Exclaimed by Lodovico, “Now here’s another discontented paper Found in his pocket, too; and this it seems Roderigo meant t’ have sent the damned villain, But that, belike, Iago in the interim” (Shakespeare 5.2.370-373). Roderigo died and Lodovico found a couple letters inside Roderigo’s coat. One of them states that he was sent Iago to kill Cassio. “damned villain” is referring to Iago and his murders. Iago wasn’t only proven false by his own wife, but also by Lodovico and Othello, which proves that his plot for revenge did backfire. Also, him being proven false was an embarrassment to him which also is a sign of the plan backfiring.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • Othello, written by Shakespeare, correctly portrays revenge backfiring.


Thursday, September 17, 2015

Othello Act 2 S/R Outline

Summary Response Outline
By: Rachel Kelley and Mikaila Kuhl

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
  • In the writing of Othello, Shakespeare clearly depicts how jealousy can rule one’s decisions.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
  • In the start of act 2 Othello returns from the Turkish fleet being destroyed in a storm and there is a great celebration. Iago quickly took advantage of this situation, and used it to follow through with his atrocious plan to take the title of Lieutenant from Cassio.
  • Explanation of ideas
  • He decided to do this by tricking Cassio into drinking himself into oblivion, who has stated that he can hardly handle even a single cup of alcohol. In his drunken state, Cassio becomes oversensitive and takes extreme offense to a small comment, which ends up starting a fight between him and Montano. Montano is severely injured and Cassio is stripped of his lieutenancy.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
  • Clearly, Shakespeare demonstrates how jealousy can cause one to go to extreme measures to accomplish their goal.
Response:
  • Make an argument
  • take a position (correctly or incorrectly portrays)
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
  • Act 2 in Othello, written by William Shakespeare, evidently illustrates how jealousy can rule one’s decisions because it can cause one to go to extreme measures to subdue the origin of their jealousy.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
    • At the start of Act 2 Othello returns from the Turkish fleet being destroyed in a storm and everyone is in a joyful state. Later a celebration occurs and as most people know, celebrations tend to come with alcohol. Iago took advantage of this situation and used the skills he excels the most at, persuasion and manipulation.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • In the midst of the celebration,  Iago and Cassio were speaking to each other and Iago convinces Cassio to drink, even after being told that he does not handle alcohol well. Cassio states, “‘O, they are our friends! But one cup; I’ll drink for you’‘I have drunk but one cup tonight, and that was craftily qualified too, and behold what innovation it makes here. I am unfortunate in the infirmity and dare not task my weakness with any more’‘What, man! ‘Tis a night of revels. The gallants desire it’” (Shakespeare 2. 3. 38-45).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
    • Cassio made it clear to Iago that he does not handle alcohol well, but Iago being the persuasive man he is, convinces Cassio that he needs to drink the wine to celebrate. Cassio quickly gives in and decides to have another drink, even though he knows the consequences. Once he is drunk, Cassio engages in a fight with Montano after Montanon made an “offensive” comment towards Cassio. Therefor Cassio was stripped of his lieutenancy.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, ....
    • Set-up
    • However, not at all parts in Act 2 of Othello show that jealousy causes someone to take extreme measures to get what they want. This is verified by Roderigo in the many moments when he is jealous of Othello because of his wife Desdemona, but he doesn’t decide to take extreme measures. Most of the revenge that is occurring is Iago and not Roderigo.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • Instead, Roderigo decided to just be Iago’s puppet and help him, ignorantly, with his plan, “‘I will do this, if you can bring it to any opportunity’‘I warrant thee. Meet me by and by the citadel. I must fetch his necessaries ashore’” (Shakespeare 2.1. 303-306).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
    • Roderigo essentially states that he will do whatever it takes to get Desdemona back. At this instant in the story though it is not jealousy causing Roderigo to follow along with Iago’s outrageous plan, but his  desperation for love.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (Rebuttal)
  • At first glance it seems as though desperation may be the cause of the whole plot  being followed through with. Although Roderigo was jealous he did not let that dictate his decisions. He just went along with Iago’s plan, and had a different idea of what he and Iago were doing. Roderigo believed that Iago was just trying to help him. This conclusion seems compelling because desperation can cause people to do some crazy things, such as what Iago has done. Roderigo is desperate as well, but for love and he does not concoct a plan to get Desdemona back. While this conclusion seems reasonable at first glance, we should look closer at what Iago has done. Iago concocted a big elaborate plan to strip Cassio of the title Lieutenancy through many different people, such as Desdemona, Cassio, and Roderigo. The cause of this plan to be created was Iago’s vast jealousy towards Cassio, and it escalated so that eventually Montano is injured and Cassio loses his lieutenancy.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Clearly, Shakespeare presents in Othello how jealousy can lead to one taking extensive measures to get rid of the source of their jealousy.

Wednesday, September 16, 2015

Othello Act 1 S/R REDO

Summary Response Outline
By: Rachel Kelley and Mikaila Kuhl


Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
    • Act 1 in Othello written by William Shakespeare presents how jealousy can determine one’s decisions because it can lead to .
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
    • In the starting scene Iago points out to Roderigo that Othello has “stolen” his love, Desdemona.
  • Explanation of ideas
    • Although Roderigo was jealous of Othello, Iago was jealous as well. Othello had chosen Cassio as his lieutenant instead of himself, which led him to develop a plan that used Roderigo to get revenge. Roderigo, eager to win Desdemona back, followed along with everything Iago told him.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • Clearly, Shakespeare illustrates how jealousy can rule one’s decisions.
  • Only third person
  • Supporting ideas
    • no quotes
  • facts; no opinions
  • Explain ideas
  • Concise
  • Attribute ideas back to author
  • No plot
  • In your own words


Response:
  • Make an argument
  • take a position (correctly or incorrectly portrays)

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
    • Act 1 in Othello written by William Shakespeare clearly demonstrates how jealousy can fuel one’s decisions because it can lead to “forced” actions.
    • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
      • In the opening of the publication, Iago expressed his displeasure in Cassio receiving the title of Othello’s lieutenant. Roderigo was experiencing a similar situation except he was jealous of Othello for winning Desdemona. Iago quickly took advantage of the situation in an attempt to get revenge on Othello through Roderigo and Desdemona’s father, Brabantio.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
      • Iago persuades Roderigo to tell Brabantio of Desdemona’s marriage to the Moor, “Call up her father. Rouse him. Make after him, poison his delight, Proclaim him in the streets...Plague him with flies...Here is her father’s house. I’ll call aloud,” (Shakespeare 1.1.74-81).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
      • Iago convinces Roderigo that he needs to get revenge in order to cure his jealousy towards Othello. In Roderigo’s jealousy, he became blind to Iago’s cunning deception, which allowed him to be manipulated easily.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, ....
    • Set-up
      • However, it seems as though Roderigo is not letting his jealousy fuel his decisions at every moment.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
      • After the Duke and Brabantio accepted that Desdemona was married to Othello, Roderigo, in turn, accepts that he has failed and exclaims, “‘What will I do, think’st thou?’ ‘Why, go to bed and sleep.’ ‘I will incontinently drown myself’” (Shakespeare 1.3.344-347).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim 2
      • At this moment, it is not jealousy ruling his decisions but it it sadness and a feeling of failure. Roderigo is depressed and sad because he finds that Desdemona is in love with Othello rather than himself and there is nothing he can do.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?(Rebuttal)
    • Many would argue that Roderigo is just in love and that love itself can rule one’s decisions. This position seems reasonable because when someone is in love they tend to do crazy things in order to gain love in return. In Othello, Brabantio states to Roderigo, “The worser welcome. I have charged thee not to haunt about my doors. In honest plainness thou hast heard me say My daughter is not for thee” (Shakespeare 1.1.107-109). Roderigo was basically being told that Desdemona would not love him. But it’s more complicated than that. Yes, Roderigo’s love drove him to want revenge, but his jealousy overpowered his love. He was convinced by Iago that Othello had done him a great wrong and that revenge was the optimum solution. In return for believing that he had to get revenge, Roderigo allowed himself to be “controlled” by Iago. The jealousy that he had blinded him  from anything that would prevent him from getting revenge.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • In Othello, Shakespeare‘s idea that jealousy can control one’s decisions is verified in Iago’s manipulation of Roderigo and Roderigo’s acceptance of Iago’s plan and that one can be “forced” to do something because of jealousy.

Thursday, September 10, 2015

Bully Summary Response Redo

Summary Response Outline Redo
By: Rachel Kelley and Mikaila Kuhl

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
    • The movie Bully directed by Lee Hirsch sheds light on how bullying affects one’s life.
  • According to the movie, people commit, or attempt suicide because they felt as though could no longer live through the relentless physical and emotional bullying. The movie shows how bullying can cause mental problems, such as self doubt.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • Lee Hirsch clearly depicts how bullying can influence one’s decisions in life .

Response:
  • portrays), because ___________ and ______________
    • Bully directed by Lee Hirsch correctly depicts how bullying may hinder one’s life because it can lead to suicide.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
      • As the film proceeds, many different stories are told of how suicide affects someone. One student, Ty, was eleven years old when he was pushed so far he chose to end his own life. Ty was bullied to the point where he felt he did not deserve to live any longer.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
      • Another boy, Alex, was interviewed in the film and stated, “I’m starting to think that I don’t feel anything anymore,” (Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
      • Alex told this to his mom because he had been bullied for so long, he felt like he became immune to the bullying that occurred every day. He also stated that he would think that when people would bully him they were just joking around, in order to not accept that fact that he was being bullied. Him thinking that he doesn’t feel anything anymore could lead to suicide.  
  • Counterclaim 1: However, ....
    • Set-up
      • However, not all people that are bullied commit suicide. Kelby, a high school student, is bullied and discriminated because she is gay. While she was bullied by both teachers as well as students, she did not commit suicide, but rather pushed through it and thought she could change people’s views.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
      • As said by Kelby, “All it takes is one person to stand up against bullying,” (Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
      • While Kelby was bullied just as much, if not more, as other students across the country, she decided that suicide was not the solution, and took a different approach to the problem. This is an example of bullying not leading to suicide, but rather an attempt to come to a better resolution.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?(Rebuttal)
    • At first glance bullying seems like an easy problem to fix. This position seems reasonable because some people that are victim of bullying choose to take the different approach and try to stand up to the bullying, such as Kelby. However, most people that are victims of bullying do get damaged though because the mental and physical abuse is too much to handle. Often, students communicate their feelings and express their emotions through self-harm and suicide.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • Overall, Hirsch clearly depicts how self-harm is a common result to bullying and one’s life is often damaged when bullying takes place.